|Title||The Difluoromethyl Group as a Masked Nucleophile: A Lewis Acid/Base Approach.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Geri JB, Wolfe MMWade, Szymczak NK|
|Journal||J Am Chem Soc|
|Date Published||2018 08 01|
The difluoromethyl group (R-CF2H) imparts desirable pharmacokinetic properties to drug molecules and is commonly targeted as a terminal functional group that is not amenable to further modification. Deprotonation of widely available Ar-CF2H starting materials to expose nucleophilic Ar-CF2- synthons represents an unexplored, yet promising route to construct benzylic Ar-CF2-R linkages. Here we show that the combination of a Brønsted superbase with a weak Lewis acid enables deprotonation of Ar-CF2H groups and capture of reactive Ar-CF2- fragments. This route provides access to isolable and reactive Ar-CF2- synthons that react with a broad array of electrophiles at room temperature. The methodology is highly general in both electrophile and difluoromethyl (hetero)arene and can be applied directly to the synthesis of benzylic difluoromethylene (Ar-CF2-R) linkages, which are useful lipophilic and metabolically resistant replacements for benzylic linkages in medicinal chemistry.
|Alternate Journal||J Am Chem Soc|